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\documentclass{beamer}
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%\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{mystyle}
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\usetheme{Madrid}
\usecolortheme{beaver}
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%gets rid of bottom navigation bars
\setbeamertemplate{footline}[frame number]{}

%gets rid of bottom navigation symbols
\setbeamertemplate{navigation symbols}{}

%gets rid of footer
%will override 'frame number' instruction above
%comment out to revert to previous/default definitions
\setbeamertemplate{footline}{}

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\title{Homology of strict $\omega$-categories}
%\subtitle{PhD defense}
\author{Léonard Guetta}
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\date{PhD defense, 28 January 2021}
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\institute{IRIF - Université de Paris}

\begin{document}

\frame{\titlepage}

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% \begin{frame}
%   \frametitle{Table of Contents}
%   \tableofcontents
% \end{frame}

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\begin{frame}
  \frametitle{Preliminary conventions}
  In this talk:
  \begin{itemize}
  \item<2-> $\oo$\nbd{}category = strict $\omega$\nbd{}category
    \item<3-> $n$\nbd{}category = $\oo$\nbd{}category with only unit cells above
      dimension $n$
      \item<4-> the functor $n\Cat \to \oo\Cat$ is an inclusion 
  \end{itemize}
  \end{frame}
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%%% oo-categories as spaces

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\begin{frame}
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  \frametitle{$\oo$\nbd{}categories as spaces}
  Starting point: Street's \emph{orientals}
  \[
    \Or \colon \Psh{\Delta} \to \oo\Cat.
  \]
  In pictures:
  \[
  \Or_0 = \bullet,
\]
\pause
  \[
    \Or_1=\begin{tikzcd}[ampersand replacement=\&]
     \bullet \ar[r] \&\bullet,
    \end{tikzcd}
  \]
  \pause
  \[
    \Or_2=
    \begin{tikzcd}[ampersand replacement=\&]
      \& \bullet \ar[rd]\& \\
    \bullet \ar[ru]\ar[rr,""{name=A,above}]\&\&\bullet,
    \ar[Rightarrow,from=A,to=1-2]
    \end{tikzcd}
  \]
  \pause
  \[
  \Or_3=
  \begin{tikzcd}[ampersand replacement=\&]
    \& \bullet \ar[rd]\& \\
    \bullet\ar[ru] \ar[rd,""{name=B,above}] \ar[rr,""{name=A,above}]\& \& \bullet \ar[ld]\\
    \& \bullet \&
    \ar[from=A,to=1-2,Rightarrow, shorten <= 0.25em, shorten >= 0.25em]
    \ar[from=B,to=2-3,Rightarrow, near start, shorten <= 1.1em, shorten >= 1.5em]
  \end{tikzcd}
 \Rrightarrow
    \begin{tikzcd}[ampersand replacement=\&]
    \& \bullet \ar[rd] \ar[dd,""{name=B,right}] \& \\
    \bullet\ar[ru] \ar[rd,""{name=A,above}] \& \& \bullet.  \ar[ld]\\
    \& \bullet \&
    \ar[from=A,to=1-2,Rightarrow, near start, shorten <= 1em, shorten >= 1.5em]
    \ar[from=B,to=2-3,Rightarrow, shorten <= 0.75em, shorten >=0.75em]
    \end{tikzcd}
    \]
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\end{frame}
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\begin{frame}
  \frametitle{$\oo$\nbd{}categories as spaces}
  \begin{block}{Definition}
    The \alert{nerve} of an $\oo$\nbd{}category $C$ is the simplicial
    set
    \[
  \begin{aligned}
        N_{\omega}(C) : \Delta^{\op} &\to \Set\\
      [n] &\mapsto \Hom_{\omega\Cat}(\Or_n,C).
    \end{aligned}
    \]
  \end{block}
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  \pause
  This yields the \alert{nerve functor} for $\oo$\nbd{}categories
  \[
    \begin{aligned}
      N_{\oo} : \oo\Cat &\to \Psh{\Delta} \\
      C &\mapsto N_{\oo}(C).
      \end{aligned}
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    \]
    \pause
    \begin{exampleblock}{Example}
      When $C$ is a (1-)category, $N_{\oo}(C)$ is nothing but the usual nerve of
      $C$.
      \end{exampleblock}
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\end{frame}
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\begin{frame}
  \frametitle{$\oo$\nbd{}categories as spaces}
  \begin{block}{Definition}
    A morphism $f\colon C \to D$ of $\oo\Cat$ is a \emph{Thomason equivalence}
    if $N_{\oo}(f)\colon N_{\oo}(C) \to N_{\oo}(D)$ is a weak equivalence of
    simplicial sets. 
  \end{block}
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  %\pause $\W^{\Th}$:=class of Thomason equivalences.
  \pause By definition, the
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    nerve functor induces 
    \[
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      \overline{N_{\oo}} : \Ho(\oo\Cat^{\Th}) \to \Ho(\Psh{\Delta}),
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    \]
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    where:
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    \begin{itemize}[label=$\bullet$]
      \item $\Ho(\oo\Cat^{\Th})$ is the localization of $\oo\Cat$ with respect to
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        the Thomason equivalences,
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        \item $\Ho(\Psh{\Delta})$ is the localization of $\Psh{\Delta}$ with
          respect to weak equivalences of simplicial sets.
      \end{itemize}
    % Where $\Ho(-)$ stands for the localized category (or better
    % the localized pre-derivator or even weak $(\oo,1)$\nbd{}category).
  \end{frame}
\begin{frame}
  \frametitle{$\oo$\nbd{}categories as spaces}
  \begin{alertblock}{Theorem (Gagna, 2018)}
    $\overline{N_{\oo}} : \Ho(\oo\Cat^{\Th}) \to \Ho(\Psh{\Delta})$ is an
    equivalence of categories (or better an equivalence of derivators, or of weak $(\infty,1)$\nbd{}categories).
  \end{alertblock}
  \pause In other words:
  \begin{center}
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    Homotopy theory of $\oo$\nbd{}categories induced by Thomason equivalences \\$\cong$\\ Homotopy theory of spaces.
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    \end{center}
  \end{frame}
  \begin{frame}
    \frametitle{Singular homology of $\oo$\nbd{}categories}
    Recall that we have the (normalized) chain complex functor
    \[
      \kappa \colon \Psh{\Delta} \to \Ch,
    \]
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    where $\Ch$ is the category of non-negatively graded chain complexes.\pause
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    This functor sends weak equivalences of simplicial sets to quasi-isomorphisms.
    Hence,
    \[
      \overline{\kappa} \colon \Ho(\Psh{\Delta}) \to \Ho(\Ch),
    \]
    where $\Ho(\Ch)$ is the localization of $\Ch$ with respect to quasi-isomorphisms.
  \end{frame}
  \begin{frame}
    \frametitle{Singular homology of $\oo$\nbd{}categories}
    \begin{block}{Definition}
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      The \emph{singular homology functor} $\sH^{\sing} \colon
      \Ho(\oo\Cat^{\Th}) \to \Ho(\Ch)$ is defined as the composition
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      \[
        \Ho(\oo\Cat^{\Th}) \overset{\overline{N_{\oo}}}{\longrightarrow}
        \Ho(\Psh{\Delta}) \overset{\overline{\kappa}}{\longrightarrow} \Ho(\Ch).
      \]
    \end{block}
    \pause
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    In practice, the $k$\nbd{}th singular homology group of an $\oo$\nbd{}category $C$ is
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      the $k$\nbd{}th homology group of $\kappa(N_{\oo}(C))$
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      \[
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        \begin{aligned}
        H_k^{\sing}(C)&:=H_k(\sH^{\sing}(C))\\
        &=H_k(\kappa(N_{\oo}(C))).
        \end{aligned}
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      \]
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    \end{frame}
    \begin{frame}
      \frametitle{Equivalence of $\oo$\nbd{}categories and the folk model
        structure}
      \begin{block}{Definition}
      Let $C$ be an $\oo$\nbd{}category and $x,y$ two $n$\nbd{}cells of $C$.
      We say that \alert{$x \sim_{\oo} y $} if there exist $(n+1)$\nbd{}cells $r : x \to y $ and $\overline{r} : y
      \to x$ such that
      \[
        r \comp_n \overline{r} \sim_{\oo} 1_y \text{ and } \overline{r} \comp_n
        r \sim_{\oo }1_x.
      \]
      (This definition is co-inductive.)
    \end{block}
    \pause
    \begin{exampleblock}{Example 1}
      Let $x$ and $y$ be two objects of a 1-category. We have $x \sim_{\oo} y $
      if and only if $x$ and $y$ are \alert{isomorphic}.
      
    \end{exampleblock}
    \pause
    \begin{exampleblock}{Example 2}
      Let $x$ and $y$ be two objects of a $2$\nbd{}category. We have
      $x\sim_{\oo} y$ if and only if $x$ and $y$ are \alert{equivalent}.
      \end{exampleblock}
    \end{frame}
        \begin{frame}
      \frametitle{Equivalence of $\oo$\nbd{}categories and the folk model
        structure}
      \begin{block}{Definition}
        A morphism $f : C \to D$ of $\oo\Cat$ is an \alert{equivalence of
          $\oo$\nbd{}categories} if:
        \begin{itemize}[label=$\bullet$]
          \item<2-> for every $0$\nbd{}cell $y$ of $D$, there exists a $0$\nbd{}cell $x$
            of $C$ such that
            \[
              f(x)\sim_{\oo} y,
            \]
            \item<3-> for every parallel $n$\nbd{}cells $x$ and $x'$ of $C$ and for
              every $(n+1)$\nbd{}cell $\beta : f(x) \to f(x')$ of $D$, there
              exists an $(n+1)$\nbd{}cell $\alpha : x \to x'$ of $C$ such that
              \[
                f(\alpha) \sim_{\oo} \beta.
              \]
          \end{itemize}
        \end{block}
        \pause\pause\pause
        When $C$ and $D$ are (1-)categories, we recover the usual notion of
        equivalence of categories.

      \end{frame}
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      \begin{frame}
        \frametitle{Equivalence of $\oo$\nbd{}categories and the folk model
          structure}
        For every $n \in \mathbb{N}$,
        \begin{itemize}[label=-]
          \item<2-> let $\sD_n$ be the ``$n$\nbd{}globe'' $\oo$\nbd{}category:
            \begin{columns}
              \column{0.5\textwidth}
              \pause\pause \[
                \sD_0=\bullet,
              \]
              \pause 
                 \[
                \begin{tikzcd}[ampersand replacement=\&]
                  \sD_1=\bullet \to \bullet,
                  \end{tikzcd}
                \]
          
              \column{0.5\textwidth}
              \pause
               \[
                \sD_2=
                \begin{tikzcd}[ampersand replacement=\&]
                  \bullet\ar[r,bend left=50,""{name=A,below}] \ar[r,bend
                  right=50,""{name=B,above}]\& \bullet,
                  \ar[from=A,to=B,Rightarrow]
                \end{tikzcd}
              \]
                \pause
              \[
                \sD_3=
                \begin{tikzcd}[ampersand replacement=\&]
                  \bullet \ar[r,bend left=50,""{name = U,below,near
                    start},""{name = V,below,near end}] \ar[r,bend
                  right=50,""{name=D,near start},""{name = E,near end}]\&\bullet,
                  \ar[Rightarrow, from=U,to=D, bend right,""{name=
                    L,above}]\ar[Rightarrow, from=V,to=E, bend left,""{name=
                    R,above}] \arrow[phantom,"\Rrightarrow",from=L,to=R]
                \end{tikzcd}
              \]
            \end{columns}
            \begin{center}
              etc.
              \end{center}
        \item<7-> let $\sS_n$ be the ``$n$\nbd{}sphere'' $\oo$\nbd{}category:
        \begin{columns}
          \column{0.5\textwidth}
          \pause\pause
          \[
            \sS_0=\emptyset,
          \]
          \pause
                \[
            \sS_1=
            \begin{tikzcd}[ampersand replacement=\&]
              \bullet \& \bullet
              \end{tikzcd}
            \]
 
          \column{0.5\textwidth}
          \pause
             \[
             \sS_2 =
            \begin{tikzcd}[ampersand replacement=\&]
             \bullet\ar[r,bend left=50] \ar[r,bend right=50]\& \bullet
            \end{tikzcd}
          \]
            \pause
            \[
              \sS_3=
              \begin{tikzcd}[ampersand replacement=\&]
                \bullet \ar[r,bend left=50,""{name = U,below,near
                  start},""{name = V,below,near end}] \ar[r,bend
                right=50,""{name=D,near start},""{name = E,near end}]\&\bullet.
                \ar[Rightarrow, from=U,to=D, bend right,""{name=
                  L,above}]\ar[Rightarrow, from=V,to=E, bend left,""{name=
                  R,above}]
              \end{tikzcd}
            \]
            \end{columns}
            \begin{center}
              etc.
            \end{center}
          \item<12-> let $i_n : \sS_n \to \sD_n$ be the ``boundary'' inclusion.
      \end{itemize}
    \end{frame}
    \begin{frame}
      \frametitle{Equivalence of $\oo$\nbd{}categories and the folk model
          structure}
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      \begin{alertblock}{Theorem (Lafont,Métayer,Worytkiewicz - 2010)}
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        There exists a model structure on $\oo\Cat$ such that:
        \begin{itemize}[label=$\bullet$]
          \item the weak equivalences are the equivalences of
            $\oo$\nbd{}categories,
            \item the set $\{i_n : \sS_n \to \sD_n \vert n \in \mathbb{N}\}$ is
              a set of generating cofibrations.
        \end{itemize}
      \end{alertblock}
      \pause
      It is known as the \alert{folk model structure} on $\oo\Cat$.
      \pause
      \begin{alertblock}{Theorem (Métayer - 2008)}
        The cofibrant objects of the folk model structure are exactly the
        $\oo$\nbd{}categories that are free on a polygraph. 
      \end{alertblock}
    \end{frame}
    \begin{frame}
      \frametitle{Polygraphs}
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      \begin{block}{Definition}
        An $\oo$\nbd{}category is free on a polygraph if it can be obtained
        recursively from the empty category by freely
        attaching cells.
      \end{block}
      \pause
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      Terminological convention:
      \begin{center}
        free $\oo$\nbd{}category = $\oo$\nbd{}category
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        free on a polygraph.
      \end{center}
      \pause
      \begin{exampleblock}{Important fact}
        If $C$ is a free $\oo$\nbd{}category, the set of free generators of $C$
        is uniquely determined from $C$.
      \end{exampleblock}
      TODO : Laisser le bloc ci-dessus ?
    \end{frame}
    \begin{frame}
      \frametitle{Abelianization of $\oo$\nbd{}categories}
      Recall that by a variation of the Dold--Kan equivalence, we have:
      \[
        \Ab(\oo\Cat) \simeq \Ch,
      \]
      \pause
      hence, a forgetful functor
      \[\Ch\simeq \Ab(\oo\Cat) \to \oo\Cat,
      \]
      \pause which
      has a left adjoint
      \[
        \lambda : \oo\Cat \to \Ch,
      \]
      which we refer to as the \alert{abelianization functor}.
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    \end{frame}
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    \begin{frame}
      \frametitle{Polygraphic homology}
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      \begin{alertblock}{Proposition}
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        The functor $\lambda : \oo\Cat \to \Ch$ is left Quillen w.r.t the folk
        model structure on $\oo\Cat$ and the projective model structure on $\Ch$.
      \end{alertblock}
      \pause
      \begin{block}{Definition}
        The \alert{polygraphic homology functor} is the left derived functor of
        $\lambda$:
        \[
          \sH^{\pol}:=\LL \lambda \colon \Ho(\oo\Cat^{\folk})\to \Ho(\Ch),
        \]
        where $\Ho(\ooCat^{\folk})$ is the localization of $\oo\Cat$ w.r.t the
        equivalences of $\oo$\nbd{}categories.
        \end{block}
      \end{frame}
      \begin{frame}
        \frametitle{Polygraphic homology practically}
        TODO
      \end{frame}
      \begin{frame}
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        \frametitle{Polygraphic homology vs singular homology}
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        A natural question:
        \begin{center}
          Let $C$ be an $\oo$\nbd{}category. Do we have $\sH^{\pol}(C) \simeq
          \sH^{\sing}(C)$ ? 
        \end{center}
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        \pause
        A first partial answer:
        \begin{block}{Theorem (Lafont, Métayer - 2009)}
          For every monoid $M$ (considered as an $\oo$\nbd{}category), we have
          \[
            \sH^{\pol}(M) \simeq \sH^{\sing}(M).
          \]
        \end{block}
        \pause
        However, there are $\oo$\nbd{}categories $C$ for which
        $\sH^{\pol}(C) \not \simeq \sH^{\sing}(C)$.
      \end{frame}
      \begin{frame}
        \frametitle{Ara and Maltsiniotis' counter-example}
        Let $B$ be the commutative monoid $(\mathbb{N},+)$ considered as a
        $2$\nbd{}category with exactly one $0$\nbd{}cell and one $1$\nbd{}cell:
        \[
          B = \begin{tikzcd}[ampersand replacement=\&] \bullet \& \bullet
            \ar[l,shift right] \ar[l,shift left] \& \mathbb{N} \ar[l,shift right] \ar[l,shift left].\end{tikzcd}
        \]
        \pause $B$ is free as an $\oo$\nbd{}category and we have
        \[
          H_k^{\pol}(B)\simeq \begin{cases}\mathbb{Z} &\text{ if } k=0,2 \\ 0 &
            \text{ otherwise.} \end{cases}
        \]
        \pause But (the nerve) of $B$ has the homotopy type of a
        $K(\mathbb{Z},2)$, hence $H^{\sing}_k(B)$ is non-trivial for \alert{all}
        even values of $k$.
        \pause

        % More generally, we can construct for every $n\geq
        % 2$ an $n$\nbd{}category $C$ for which $\sH^{\pol}(C)\not \simeq \sH^{\sing}(C)$.
      \end{frame}
      \begin{frame}
        % \frametitle{The big question}
        \begin{exampleblock}{The fundamental question}
          For which $\oo$\nbd{}categories $C$ do we have $\sH^{\pol}(C)\simeq
          \sH^{\sing}(C)$ ?
        \end{exampleblock}
        \pause
        This is what I tried to answer in my PhD. 
      \end{frame}
      \begin{frame}
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        \frametitle{Equivalence of $\oo$\nbd{}categories vs Thomason
          equivalences}
        \begin{block}{Important Lemma}
          Every equivalence of $\oo$\nbd{}categories is a Thomason equivalence.
        \end{block}
               \pause Consequence: the identity functor $\mathrm{id} : \oo\Cat \to
        \oo\Cat$ induces a functor
        \[
          \mathcal{J} : \Ho(\oo\Cat^{\folk}) \to \Ho(\oo\Cat^{\Th}).
        \]
        \pause
        \underline{Remark}: The converse of the above lemma is false. For
        example
        \[
          \sD_1 \to \sD_0
        \]
        is a Thomason equivalence but not an equivalence of $\oo$\nbd{}categories.
        \end{frame}
 
      \begin{frame}
        \frametitle{Singular homology as a derived functor}
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        \begin{alertblock}{Theorem (Guetta - 2020)}
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          The functor $\lambda : \oo\Cat \to \Ch$ is left derivable w.r.t the
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          \emph{Thomason equivalences} on $\oo\Cat$ and we have
          \[
            \sH^{\sing}\simeq \LL \lambda : \Ho(\oo\Cat^{\Th}) \to \Ho(\Ch).
          \]
        \end{alertblock}
        \pause
        Hence, both $\sH^{\pol}$ and $\sH^{\sing}$ are obtained as left derived
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        functors of $\lambda$ but not w.r.t the same class of weak equivalences.
        \begin{exampleblock}{Corollary}
          There is a canonical natural transformation
          \[
            \begin{tikzcd}[ampersand replacement=\&]
              \Ho(\oo\Cat^{\folk})\ar[d,"\mathcal{J}"'] \ar[dr,"\sH^{\pol}",""{name=A,below}]\& \\
              \Ho(\oo\Cat^{\Th}) \ar[r,"\sH^{\sing}"']\& \Ho(\Ch).
              \ar[from=2-1,to=A,Rightarrow,"\pi"]
            \end{tikzcd}
          \]
          \end{exampleblock}
        \end{frame}
        \begin{frame}
          \frametitle{Homologically coherent $\oo$\nbd{}categories}
          In other words, for every $\oo$\nbd{}category $C$ we have a map
          \[
            \pi_C : \sH^{\sing}(C) \to \sH^{\folk}(C),
          \]
          which is natural in $C$. We refer to it as the \alert{canonical
            comparison map}.
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          \pause
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          \begin{block}{Definition}
            An $\oo$\nbd{}category $C$ is \alert{homogically coherent} if the
            map
            \[
              \pi_C : \sH^{\sing}(C) \to \sH^{\folk}(C)
            \]
            is an isomorphism.
          \end{block}
          \pause
          Goal: Understand which $\oo$\nbd{}categories are homogically coherent. 
        \end{frame}
        \begin{frame}
          \frametitle{Polygraphic homology is not homotopical}
          Another formal consequence of $\sH^{\sing}$ being left derived of the
          abelianization is:
          \begin{block}{Proposition}
            There exists at least one Thomason equivalence $u : C \to D$ such
            that the induced morphism
            \[
              \sH^{\pol}(C) \to \sH^{\pol}(D)
            \]
            is \emph{not} an isomorphism.
          \end{block}
          \pause In other words, if we think of $\oo$\nbd{}categories as models
          for homotopy types, then the polygraphic homology is \emph{not} a
          well-defined invariant!
          \pause
          \begin{exampleblock}{New slogan}
            The polygraphic homology is a
          way of computing the singular homology of homogically coherent
          $\oo$\nbd{}categories.
          \end{exampleblock}
        \end{frame}
        \begin{frame}\frametitle{Equivalence of homology in low dimension}
          \begin{block}{Proposition}
            Let $C$ be \emph{any} $\oo$\nbd{}category. The canonical comparison
            map induces an isomorphism
            \[\sH^{\sing}_k(C) \to \sH^{\pol}_k(C)\]
            for $k=0,1$.
          \end{block}
          \pause
          For all $k\geq 4$, it is possible to find a $C$ such that
          \[
            H^{\pol}_k(C)\not \simeq H_k^{\sing}(C).
          \]
          \pause
          \begin{exampleblock}{Open question:}
            Do we have
            \[
              H^{\pol}_k(C)\simeq H^{\sing}_k(C)
            \]
            for $k=2,3$, for any $\oo$\nbd{}category $C$ ?
          \end{exampleblock}
        \end{frame}
        \begin{frame}\frametitle{An abstract criterion}
          Back on the triangle:
          \[
            \begin{tikzcd}[ampersand replacement=\&]
              \Ho(\oo\Cat^{\folk})\ar[d,"\mathcal{J}"'] \ar[dr,"\sH^{\pol}",""{name=A,below}]\& \\
              \Ho(\oo\Cat^{\Th}) \ar[r,"\sH^{\sing}"']\& \Ho(\Ch).
              \ar[from=2-1,to=A,Rightarrow,"\pi"]
            \end{tikzcd}
          \]
          \pause \begin{exampleblock}{Fundamental observation:} $\sH^{\pol}$ and $\sH^{\sing}$ preserve
            homotopy colimits but $\J$ does \emph{not} in general.
            \end{exampleblock}
          % (Because this
          % would imply that the canonical comparison map is always an isomorphism.)
          \pause

          In other words, for a diagram $d : I \to \oo\Cat$, the
          canonical map
          \[
            \hocolim_{I}^{\folk}(d) \to \hocolim_{I}^{\Th}(d)
          \]
          is not an isomorphism in general.
          \pause

          Idea: exploit that sometimes it \emph{is} an isomorphism.
      
        \end{frame}
        \begin{frame}\frametitle{An abstract criterion}
              \begin{block}{Proposition}
           Let $C$ be an $\oo$\nbd{}category. Suppose that there exists $d : I
           \to \oo\Cat$ such that:
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           \begin{enumerate}[label=(\roman*)]
           \item<2-> $\displaystyle\hocolim^{\pol}_I(d)\simeq \hocolim^{\Th}_I(d)
             \simeq C,$
             \item<3-> for each $i \in \Ob(I)$, the $\oo$\nbd{}category $d(i)$ is
               homologically coherent.
             \end{enumerate}
             \pause\pause Then $C$ is homologically coherent.
           \end{block}
           % \pause
           % Often, we will use:
     
         \end{frame}
         \begin{frame}\frametitle{In practice}
                 \begin{exampleblock}{Corollary}
             Let
             \[
               \begin{tikzcd}[ampersand replacement=\&]
                 A \ar[r,"u"] \ar[d,"v"] \& B \ar[d] \\
                 C \ar[r] \& D
                 \ar[from=1-1,to=2-2,"\ulcorner",phantom]
                \end{tikzcd}
              \]
              be a cocartesian square in $\oo\Cat$. If
              \begin{itemize}[label=$\bullet$]
              \item<2-> $A$,$B$ and $C$ are homologically coherent,
              \item<3-> $u$ or $v$ is a folk cofibration,
              \item<4-> the square is homotopy cocartesian w.r.t Thomason equivalence,
              \end{itemize}
              then $D$ is homologically coherent.
           \end{exampleblock}
         \end{frame}
        
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    \end{document}
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